Does having type 2 diabetes have anything to do with having macular degeneration?
Q: Does having type 2 diabetes have anything to do with having macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among people 50 years or older in the United States. It occurs when that part of your retina known as the macula becomes damaged and interferes with central vision. However, your peripheral vision may not be affected. For instance, you may be able to see the numbers but not the hands when looking at a clock.
Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of developing macular degeneration.
Eating a healthy diet rich in the antioxidants known as lutein and zeaxanthin has been found to decrease risk for this disease. These antioxidants occur in foods that contain green or yellow pigments, such as spinach, kale, and egg yolks. Smoking appears to increase risk of macular degeneration, so quitting would be another proactive step to preventing this disease. Finally, having an annual eye exam is crucial for detecting changes at an early stage and preventing long-term complications with your vision.
Answered by Franziska Spritzler, RD, CDE
Answered By dLife Expert: Franziska Spritzler, RD, CDE
Certified diabetes educator and registered dietitian living in Southern California.
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