Mother Nature could have the answer to treating several causes of blindness, according to a ground-breaking study involving scientists from the University of Surrey and the Eugene and Marilyn Glick Eye Institute at Indiana University School of Medicine.
The scientists have found and tested compounds from a group of plants that could possibly be used to treat the causes of degenerative eye diseases such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
This abnormal growth of new blood vessel cells in the eye is linked to a number of types of blindness, including in premature babies (retinopathy of prematurity), diabetics (proliferative diabetic retinopathy) and older adults (wet age-related macular degeneration).
In a paper published by the American Chemical Society, the University of Surrey, together with experts from Indiana University and Kingston University, detailed their testing of naturally occurring homoisoflavonoids found in the Hyacinthaceae plant family and their synthetic derivatives.
The team tested how well these compounds were able to stop the growth of new blood vessels and isolated several active compounds. One synthetic derivative, in particular, could be used to develop future treatments. Further work is continuing to synthesize more related compounds.
“The discovery of new and innovative treatments from natural sources for life-altering diseases has huge potential,” says Dr. Sianne Schwikkard, school of life sciences, pharmacy and chemistry, Kingston University, London. “This work has produced a real opportunity to further collaboration and has the potential to bring new breakthroughs in the treatment of degenerative eye diseases.”
According to Great Ormond Street Hospital, retinopathy of prematurity affects around 20 percent of premature babies and mainly occurs in those who are born before week 32 of pregnancy or weigh less than 1500g.
Diabetic retinopathy is caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye – causing blindness if left untreated. It is estimated to affect 28 million people worldwide.
Wet age-related macular degeneration is one of the world’s leading causes of blindness – affecting 20 million older adults worldwide.
“It goes without saying that losing your eyesight is a devastating experience,” says professor Dulcie Mulholland, head of the department of chemistry at the University of Surrey. “We believe that our results hint at possible future treatments for many degenerative eye conditions and it appears that nature still has many secrets to reveal.”
- The University of Surrey. Nature could provide the answer for blindness caused by diabetes, say experts. (April 9, 2019). EurekAlert! Retrieved: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/uos-ncp040819.php